Each turning point in history has behind it a story and a set of principal characters whose dilemmas and conflicts form its dramatic core, and whose unique personalities influenced the outcome of events. New facts, often from indigenous sources, have emerged to add to our understanding of these crucial events and these, together with the latest historical research and documented first hand accounts, bring each turning point vividly to life. Exclusive dramatizations carried out at the actual sites of the events, History’s Turning Points provides a fascinating and intriguing new perspective on the significant moments that have changed the world. The Battle of Actium – 31 BC If the battle of Actium had been won by Cleopatra and Antony, there would have been no Roman Empire. Yet Octavius Caesar’s victory in 31 BC created an absolute dictatorship that sparked one of the greatest imperial and cultural expansions the world has ever known.