The Ancient Skeletons of Peru

In the cloud forests of Peru the stone walls of a mysterious mountain top fortress rise out of the jungle. These 60 foot walls are filled with the bones of the Chachapoya, the Cloud Warriors, who lived high in the Andes from A.D. 800 to the mid 1500s. Only after an intense struggle did the powerful Incan empire gain control of the fiercely independent Chachapoya tribes. But did the Inca ever conquer the Chachapoya stronghold of Kuelap? Archaeologists at Kuelap have uncovered hundreds of elaborate burial sites throughout the settlement that reveal tantalising clues about the identity of the Chachapoya people and how and why they built such a massive fortress.

Conquistadors Episode 2 The Conquest of The Incas

The Spanish conquest of the Americas in the sixteenth century was one of the most cataclysmic events in history. Spanish expeditions had to endure the most unbelievable hardships to open up the lands of the New World. Few stories, if any, in history match these for sheer drama, endurance and distance covered. Michael Woods travels in the footsteps of the Spanish adventures. The Conquest of the Incas – Fancisco Pizarro hoped to find great riches in the land of the Inca when he set off on his third voyage to the new world in 1527. Learn how Pizarro ransomed the life of a king for a room full of gold and silver. Through letter and drawings from the 16th century and film from modern day south America, discover this remarkable story of greed, faith, dishonor and valor.

Thatcher: The Downing Street Years Episode 1 Woman at War

This series examines the eleven years which Thatcher spent as Prime Minister of the UK. Using interviews with former Cabinet Ministers and Thatcher herself, this series covers important events in Margaret Thatcher’s Premiership, from 1979 to 1990. Episode 1 Woman at War – Looks at how she rejected the postwar consensus that had governed the country for more than 30 years, and came into conflict with trade unions, the old establishment and even members of her own cabinet. Yet even as the country moved into a crippling recession, the Prime Minister refused to make a U-turn in policy.

The Great Inca Rebellion

History reports that the mighty Inca were swiftly wiped out by a small band of Conquistadors. But, new evidence is being unearthed that may help rewrite history. Remains of those who died in battle have been discovered, and for the first time physical evidence is suggesting that Spain’s conquest of the Incan Empire may have actually taken twenty years. Brought to life through CGI reconstruction and reenactments, the untold epic saga of decades of guerilla warfare and rebellion are finally revealed as this documentary uncovers the truth behind the Inca’s last stand.

Conquistadors Episode 3 The Search for Eldorado

The Spanish conquest of the Americas in the sixteenth century was one of the most cataclysmic events in history. Spanish expeditions had to endure the most unbelievable hardships to open up the lands of the New World. Few stories, if any, in history match these for sheer drama, endurance and distance covered. Michael Woods travels in the footsteps of the Spanish adventures. The Search for El Dorado – Francisco de Orellana failed to find El Dorado, but discovered the amazon. Early in 1541, a rumor swept Quito that beyond the mountains, there lay a land richer than Mexico, or even Peru a land of gold. The ruler of this land was so rich that he covered himself with gold dust every day and washed it off every evening. He was the golden man, El Dorado.

The Curse of Oil Episode 1 Rich and Poor

Three part series that goes exploring the world’s oil producing regions, beyond the familiar territory of the Middle East. Unlike other documentaries that are full of gloomy predictions of perishable reserves of oil. Bill Cran’s series takes the view that there are ample supplies of oil, the problem is that most of it lies in the wrong places. Requiring the first world to deal with nasty governments or destroying the wilderness. But the relationship between oil companies, consumers and those who live where the oil is extracted is changing very rapidly. It is becoming possible for native populations to obstruct oil companies. The series concludes there are no easy answers. Episode 1 Rich and Poor – An exploration of how “black gold” has been the cause of much misery and destruction. Evidence from Angola and Ecuador suggests massive environmental damage has been done, while the people who live in oil rich countries are among the last to benefit. The programme also highlights how one of the biggest companies could be facing a 6 billion lawsuit that could radically change the face of the business.

20th Century Battlefields 1982 Falkland Islands

Join hosts Peter and Dan Snow for a look at the decisive conflicts of the 20th century. The intricacies of these crucial battles, strategies, weapons, tactics and their impact. CGI brings to life an overview of the major actions, while the dramatized testimony of ordinary soldiers brings the experience of combat. 1982 Falklands – Covers the Falklands War from start to finish. Beginning with the invasion of the island, it then details all major engagements of the conflict from The Sinking of the Belgrano, The Sinking of the HMS Sheffield, the British landing on the Falklands, Battle of Goose Green, and finally The Battle for Stanley. Dan Snow practices night fighting with the British Army.

The Lost Pyramids of Caral

The magnificent ancient city of pyramids at Caral in Peru hit the headlines in 2001. The site is a thousand years older than the earliest known civilization in the Americas and, at 2,627 B.C., is as old as the pyramids of Egypt. Many now believe it is the fabled missing link of archaeology – a “mother city”. If so, then these extraordinary findings could finally answer one of the great questions of archaeology why did humans become civilised?

Dragons Alive Episode 1 Ruling Reptiles

They attack their victims with great strength and speed, using even chemical weapons. To avoid their enemies they can run over the water, throw him blood or poison or just become one with their environment and disappear. They attract their mate giving an extraordinary show of colors and movements and they have superhero abilities as they fly and use X-rays to see. Today’s reptiles are as deadly as dinosaurs, as beautiful as birds and as tender as mammals. Their look is so ancient that it is hard to believe that these animals are true! Episode 1 Ruling Reptiles – The extinction of the dinosaurs left a power vacuum. Enter the dragons: powerful modern reptiles which still dominate large areas of our planet. Ruling Reptiles goes in search of the modern reptiles that have inherited the dominant role.

The Living Edens Manu: Peru’s Hidden Rain Forest

The Living Edens uses state of the art cinematography creates an intimate sense of place and captures a world of wonder, transporting viewers to isolated, undisturbed corners of the globe so pure they remind us of how the ancient world once was. Narrators included Peter Coyote and Linda Hunt and it was partially funded by Reader’s Digest in exchange for various marketing rights. Episode 4 Manu Peru Hidden Rainforest – Along the eastern base of the Peruvian Andes is a great river named Manu, the life blood for one of the world’s great secrets: the Manu Biosphere Reserve. This Eden is the richest Amazonian wilderness on Earth. As mist rises off the great river, howler monkeys issue the wake up call it is morning in the rain forest. Hundreds of parrots form a brilliant kaleidoscope as they feast on the cliff side clay. Giant otters take their first swim in the cool waters while sloths get a slow start to their day beneath the mystical canopy. Discover what the day will bring in this mysterious tropical paradise where 90 per cent of the flora and fauna have yet to be identified.

Amazon Abyss Episode 1

Series following the high adrenaline adventures of a team of divers as they explore and film the depths of the world’s greatest river system with cameraman Michael deGruy. You’d think TV crews would be hard pressed to find any corner of the planet that hasn’t been filmed, but it turns out that in the Amazon rainforest there’s a habitat where no cameras have ventured: the river itself. Episode 1 – The bottom of the Amazon River is home to many of the strangest and fiercest creatures in the world. It was the first time an expedition had ever attempted anything so ambitious and they discovered an alien world, full of beautiful and bizarre creatures. The darkness also hides many dangers, anaconda, piranha, giant catfish, stingray and caiman.

The Spirit Hunters

The Spirit Hunters follows anthropologist Glenn Shepard as he lives with and learns from the Machiguenga Indians, a remote ethnic group that inhabits Peru’s upper Amazon jungle. The core of Machiguenga beliefs center around their view of the rainforest and the spirits that inhabit it. By ingesting the hallucinogen Ayahuasca, the Machiguenga are able to perceive the spirit world of the rainforest that surrounds them. This 60-minute documentary is narrated by James Earl Jones. Written and co-produced by Kim MacQuarrie.

Dragons Alive Episode 2 Smart Reptiles

They attack their victims with great strength and speed, using even chemical weapons. To avoid their enemies they can run over the water, throw him blood or poison or just become one with their environment and disappear. They attract their mate giving an extraordinary show of colors and movements and they have superhero abilities as they fly and use X-rays to see. Today’s reptiles are as deadly as dinosaurs, as beautiful as birds and as tender as mammals. Their look is so ancient that it is hard to believe that these animals are true! Episode 2 Smart Reptiles – The second programme focuses on the amazing natural technology that makes reptiles such a successful group. Are reptiles the biotechnology wizards of the animal world? If you count sprinting on water, shooting blood from the eyes, spitting poison at their enemies, navigating by magnetic fields, converting ribs into a hangglider, or communicating emotions in colour then, yes, they are!

Amazon Abyss Episode 4

Series following the high adrenaline adventures of a team of divers as they explore and film the depths of the world’s greatest river system with cameraman Michael deGruy. You’d think TV crews would be hard pressed to find any corner of the planet that hasn’t been filmed, but it turns out that in the Amazon rainforest there’s a habitat where no cameras have ventured: the river itself. Episode 4 – The team of divers and scientists arrive at the very deepest part of the jungle in their search for the extraordinary creatures of the Amazon river. The overgrown jungle streams contain the richest life, as well as danger, from 4 metre caiman to the electric eel, a fish that can stun you with a 600 volt shock.

Dragons Alive Episode 3 Future Reptiles

They attack their victims with great strength and speed, using even chemical weapons. To avoid their enemies they can run over the water, throw him blood or poison or just become one with their environment and disappear. They attract their mate giving an extraordinary show of colors and movements and they have superhero abilities as they fly and use X-rays to see. Today’s reptiles are as deadly as dinosaurs, as beautiful as birds and as tender as mammals. Their look is so ancient that it is hard to believe that these animals are true! Episode 3 Future Reptiles – Alligators on golf courses, geckos in hotels, chameleons in the garden and pampered pet pythons, reptiles are invading our space! So what will the future role for these living cousins of the dinosaurs be? Will reptiles give us better biotechnology and medicines?

Time Life Lost Civilizations Episode 8 Inca Secrets Of The Ancestors

Time Life’s Lost Civilizations combines cutting edge digital effects technology (for 1995) with powerful dramatization. Dazzling spectacles re-create rituals and events, original location cinematography in 25 countries. Computer graphics make lost worlds live again! Episode 8 Inca Secrets of the Ancestors – Witness the conquest of an Inca ruler at the pinnacle of his power. Follow Inca roads into the past and explore the secrets of their ancestors, the Moche, the Nazca, and the Paracas, whose legacies inspired the greatest South American empire ever.

Amazon Abyss Episode 5

Series following the high adrenaline adventures of a team of divers as they explore and film the depths of the world’s greatest river system with cameraman Michael deGruy. You’d think TV crews would be hard pressed to find any corner of the planet that hasn’t been filmed, but it turns out that in the Amazon rainforest there’s a habitat where no cameras have ventured: the river itself. Episode 5 – It is the climax of the expedition as the team prepares to explore a 100 metre chasm at the very bottom of the Amazon river. Scientists have no idea what lurks within. At first, underwater robots take cameras down the abyss and find the deep water flesh feeding CandiruXu. Then, as the expedition draws to a close, the team of divers led by Mike deGruy prepare to jump into the depths of the river to confront and film the extraordinary fish that lie in the depths.

History's Turning Points 1532 A.D. The Conquest of the Incas

Each turning point in history has behind it a story and a set of principal characters whose dilemmas and conflicts form its dramatic core, and whose unique personalities influenced the outcome of events. History’s Turning Points provides a fascinating and intriguing new perspective on the significant moments that have changed the world. The Conquest of the Incas – 1532 AD When Pizarro, 170 soldiers and a friar arrived, The Inca, scornful of the scruffy Spaniards, invited them to stay in the town. They kidnapped the Inca, collected a ransom and killed him. But the plunder had only begun. The Spaniards diseases wiped out 90% of the Incas.

Ancient Graves Voices of the Dead

Through the lens of modern science the grave has become a window on the past. Today we can learn intimate detail about how the ancients lived and how they died. Bit by bit their portraits emerge from flesh, bones and DNA. The unearthing of the past reveals the tangled roots ofvour family tree. But some see only the desecration of our ancestors. Through this documentary listen to the voices of the dead. Ancient human grave sites speak volumes to those who listen. These haunting human “time capsules” have been uncovered all over the world. Some even reach a certain level of fame, The Ampato maiden sacrificed on an Andes peak. The Alpine Ice Man, the oldest frozen mummy ever found. England’s 9,000 year old Cheddar Man. Others’ stories are known only to the ages, like a cache of elaborately adorned 7,000 year old mummies unearthed in Chile, and the thousands of Egyptian mummies actually burned as train fuel in the 19th century. Modern science now allows us to explore these human treasures without destroying them, and connects us all to the secrets of the ancient dead.

Ancient Aliens Season 2 Episode 3 Underwater Worlds

Ancient Aliens explores the controversial theory that extraterrestrials have visited Earth for millions of years. From the age of the dinosaurs to ancient Egypt, from early cave drawings to continued mass sightings in the US, first hand accounts and theories surrounding this age old debate. Did intelligent beings from outer space visit Earth thousands of years ago? Episode 3 Underwater Worlds – Could aquatic worlds be the ruins of unknown civilizations-or even proof of extraterrestrial visitations? Atlantis may be a preserved memory of an ancient alien metropolis. Beneath Lake Titicaca in Peru ruins support local legends of an underwater UFO base. Could evidence of ancient alien contact lie buried in Earth’s deepest oceans?

Ice Mummies Episode 3 Frozen In Heaven

Discover the science of the frozen past. Archaeologiests use the latest technology to discover the lives of our human ancestors through their frozen remains. These people were no differrent than you and I biologically. They had the same level of intelligence, and were capable of the same emotions, but they lived in a different time and place. Their values, ideas and technology is explored through the frozen remains of their dead. Episode 3 Frozen in Heaven – When the Spanish Conquistadors first conquered the Inca empire five hundred years ago, they wrote of the mysterious ceremony of capa cocha. Parents, they claimed, would voluntarily offer their children to their Inca priests, sending them to the top of the highest peaks for sacrifice to mountain gods. In the past, historians have dismissed this as fanciful European exaggeration. But then archaeologists began to find the children’s bodies.

Blood of the Sun God

In 1532, Pizarro defeated the great Incan emperor Atahualpa. This is the story of a poor, uneducated swine herdsman whose goal was gold and glory. At the time of the Spanish conquest of what is now Peru, the empire that the Incas had built up was the largest and most sophisticated to be found in the New World. Before Pizarro’s capture of the Inca emperor, Atahualpa, there had been little contact between the new and old worlds of Europe and the Andean region. However, once the contact was made there was no stopping the destruction that quickly followed. November 16th, 1532 With his army of just 180 mercenary soldiers, Spanish captain Francisco de Pizarro conquered the Inca fortress of Cajamarca with its defense force of 30,000 warriors. When the Inca god-King Atahualpa fell into the hands of the conquerors so did his people’s legendary treasure the Inca gold, blood of the Sun God. This documentary follows the history of a conquest that started with Pizarro’s greed for gold and glory and ended with the demise of a great civilization. This is the story of a poor, uneducated swine herdsman whose goal was gold and glory.

Ancient Aliens Season 2 Episode 4 Underground Aliens

Ancient Aliens explores the controversial theory that extraterrestrials have visited Earth for millions of years. From the age of the dinosaurs to ancient Egypt, from early cave drawings to continued mass sightings in the US, first hand accounts and theories surrounding this age old debate. Did intelligent beings from outer space visit Earth thousands of years ago? Episode 4 Underground Aliens – If extraterrestrials influenced human history, can evidence of their existence be found in hidden tunnels and caverns around the world? Could a cave in Ecuador contain metallic books inscribed with secrets of alien technology?

Jungle Episode 3 Waterworld

Jungles are the world’s powerhouses, the most vital habitats on the planet. They only cover 6% of the Earth, but they contain more than half of its plant and animal species living in a complex web of relationships. Without jungles, the planet would grind to a halt. The jungles of the world are all very different. Charlotte takes a close look at the animals inhabiting the jungles, highlighting how they have adapted to survive the challenging conditions. Episode 3 Waterworld – In this final episode of Jungle, Charlotte Uhlenbroek explores the watery world of jungle life. Rainforests are some of the wettest places on the planet and none more so than the Amazon. Standing at the top of Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world, Charlotte explains how the biggest river system in the world operates. Millions of tonnes of water pours into 11,000 tributaries of the Amazon Basin each year. The waterways are the main arteries for the animals too, and along the rivers and lakes are some of the best jungle spectacles in the world.