Ancient Megastructures The Alhambra

DailyMotion

Certain landmarks have captured the imagination and awe of modern day architects and engineers around the world as they work to solve the mystery of how their ancient forebears were able to construct such beautiful, timeless and revolutionary structures with none of the machines and materials available to modern engineers. Marvel at these ancient architectural triumphs. Examine how ancient civilizations built some of the most magnificent structures on the face of the Earth, many centuries before the industrial revolution. From the dreams that inspired them, to the blood and sweat that built them, discover the full story behind six magnificent structures that forever changed the landscape of architecture.
Episode Chartres Cathedral – is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture but behind its towering walls lies the tale of an intense power struggle between French aristocrats and the Catholic Church. We examine its origin in a great fire, and how its builders overcame opposition, violence and destruction to create a magnificent structure that has withstood almost eight centuries. Behind the building of Chartres Cathedral which lays a dark story of violence, political double – dealing and destruction.
Episode Angkor Wat – Experts estimate workers must transport at least 300 blocks of 3 – 5 tonnes sandstone to ensure Angkor Wat is completed in Suryavarman’s lifetime. Situated deep in the Cambodian jungle, the majestic temple of Angkor Wat – designed to honour the Hindu god Vishnu – took over 30 years to build.
Episode The Alhambra – The Alhambra is the greatest example of Islamic military architecture in Europe. But just how did they construct such an impregnable fortress? In the Andalusian mountains of southern Spain, rises the majestic fort, which became a legend, Alhambra. This ancient citadel overlooks Granada. On the construction of its 37 towers and walls of the powerful took more than 150 years, but the Alhambra – it’s not only an impregnable fortress, this magnificent palace, with elegant courtyards and unfolded the bloody scene where the intrigue and the most famous of the surviving monuments of Muslim architecture in the western world.
Episode Petra – a precious stone, lost in the Arabian desert, one of the most mysterious of ancient cities. At the entrance to the city rises a masterpiece of architecture El Hazne. Perpetuated in Hollywood films, this structure cut into the rock for almost 20 centuries ago, but today researchers are still stunning architectural monuments behind El Hazne and traces of the people of the desert, created the city. The search is not over yet. How they managed to build this magnificent building? Who were these great masters? And the most important question – what was the building intended for?
Episode St Pauls Cathedral – In 1666, in London, thousands of people fleeing the fire, devouring the great cathedral. Fire destroys this monumental architecture. But the new miracle of architecture rises from the ashes and will rise above one of the richest cities in the world. As the first and largest Protestant church, it will be unchanged part of the London landscape. Erection of a huge dome will become a matter for the architect of all life. Each time the church will be on the verge of destruction, he will look for engineering solutions. It is a risk, putting into practice the revolutionary ideas, to realize its tremendous dream.
Episode Hagia Sophia – We peel back the layers of this great church of Hagia Sophia to reveal its engineering secrets,and bring to life the story of its construction. Discover how the church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, rebuilt by the Roman Emperor Justinian, has survived 1,500 years of turbulent history.
Episode Machu Picchu – Rediscovered only 100 years ago, Machu Picchu remains today one the most awe inspiring and mysterious monuments in the world. On the distant mountain range, located high in the Peruvian Andes, are the ruins of the ancient city. 600 years they stood under the onslaught of torrential rains and mudslides. The city consists of thousands of stones, weighing up to 20 tons, fitted tightly to each other. Each stone has been processed and installed using only human hands and primitive tools. Built by the will of the ambitious emperor, this city is a wonderful legacy of the empire of the Americas. This is Machu Picchu, a city born of war and victory.
Episode Colosseum – Using ground breaking technology, we bring you behind the building of the Colosseum in Ancient Rome. Arena sand and blood, are the great gladiators fought to the death in its greatest effect. Greatest amphitheater of the ancient world embodies the genius of Roman engineering, but is much more-a powerful tool of control over the population and a reason for the proclamation of the Roman greatness in the world. The idea of the emperor, an upstart, a history of the Coliseum is as brutal and bloody, as the events that took place in it.
Episode Pyramids – The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only ancient Wonder of the World still standing. Can the architects cut and move the 2 million stones? Once upon a time in ancient times there were seven wonders of the world, seven monuments of human ingenuity, but one after another, these civilizations have collapsed and miracles turned to dust, lost in the sands of time. Great Pyramid of Giza, the age of which 4.5 thousand years – is the only surviving ancient wonder of the world and the oldest of them. Around the pyramids rise to many myths, but its real story is the story of triumph despite insurmountable obstacles, an outstanding human skills and an unquenchable thirst for one man to live forever.